Many individuals contributed their ideas and expertise to support the development of this report. The research team wishes to express their gratitude to the following:

  • Allison Gerber and Laura Burgher, Annie E. Casey Foundation
  • Andrew Cortés, Executive Director, Building Futures
  • Angela Hall, STEPS-St. Louis Program Director, Family and Workforce Centers of America
  • Bridgette Gray, Executive Vice President, National Program, Per Scholas
  • Carolyn D. Seward, President/CEO, Family and Workforce Centers of America/MET Center
  • Cherise Fowler, Apprenticeship Training Coordinator at Alaska Primary Care Association
  • Cheryl Feldman, Executive Director, District 1199C Training & Upgrading Fund
  • Dennis Bagneris, Director of Youth Success, Liberty’s Kitchen
  • Eva M. Rios-Lleverino, Deputy Executive Director, Capital IDEA
  • Harry Schnur, Director of Development, Liberty’s Kitchen
  • Janice Urbanik Executive Director, Partners for a Competitive Workforce
  • Joan Abbot, Assistant Executive Director, BEST
  • Marie Downey, Executive Director BEST, BEST
  • Michael Gritton, Executive Director, KentuckianaWorks
  • Nancy Boone, Director, Hartford Generation Work/United Way of Central and Northeastern Connecticut
  • Pamela Egan, Interim CEO, The Culinary Academy of Las Vegas
  • Patty Linduska, R.N., Alaska Primary Care Association, Senior Director of Training & TA
  • Tom O’Brien, Neighborhood Connections

In addition, the researchers wish to acknowledge the valuable anonymous contributions of the 89 individuals who responded to the survey, the staff of the Annie E. Casey Foundation Library, and Ray Marshall Center research assistants Chance Nettles and Charles Demakis, both of whom provided valuable assistance with this project.

About Us

Heath PrinceHeath Prince
Director and Research Scientist
Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources
Dr. Prince is the Ray Marshall Center’s director and a research scientist. He has over fifteen years’ experience in the education and workforce development fields as a researcher, project manager, policy analyst, and evaluator. More…




Dazzie McKelvyDazzie McKelvy
CEO and Owner
Workforce Matters
Dazzie McKelvy has worked as a public sector manager and a nonprofit executive. She now owns her own business leading a team of expert consultants in the areas of workforce development, education, and human resources. More…



Sarah OldmixonSarah Oldmixon
Visiting Researcher
Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources
Sarah Oldmixon is a Visiting Researcher at the Ray Marshall Center specializing in issues related to workforce development, college access and success for working learners, youth development, and adult education. More…



Contact the research team

Contact Us

The Ray Marshall Center for the Study of Human Resources is a research institute at the Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs at the University of Texas at Austin. The Center identifies and fosters creative solutions to challenging education, workforce, and social problems through applied research, policy analysis, and innovative program design.

Austin, Texas based consulting firm Workforce Matters provides innovative strategies and workforce solutions for business, education, and employees that meets the needs of an ever-changing global workforce driven by integrity, innovation, teamwork and passion.

This report was prepared with funds provided by The Annie E. Casey foundation. The views expressed here are those of the authors and do not represent the positions of the Foundation or the University of Texas.

Copyright 2018. Permission to copy, disseminate or otherwise use information from this report is granted as long as appropriate acknowledgment is given.